How to win an argument part 1

How to win an argument part 1

How to win an argument is something most people don’t ask themselves as often as they should. I will make a series of posts on the subject because winning arguments is essential if you want to be a successful businessperson.

Just think how much easier your life would be if you could just convince that investor to invest in your company or product. Or if you could convince your boss to give you that raise you have been dreaming about but are reluctant to ask for. It’s not just business. If you improve your ability to win arguments, the sky is the limit to what you can achieve.

How to win an argument on the Internet the traditional way

You can easily win Internet arguments. Just use any of the following:

  1. Memes
  2. Ridicule
  3. False facts
  4. Ad hominem
  5. Hijack the thread

Bewarned, that if you win arguments this way, you will make a fool of yourself. Also, people will hate you and site moderators will ban you.

How to do it the smart way

Here is how to win an argument in a better way. Fortunately for you, philosophers have come up with different methods of winning an argument.

Aristotle once said that humans are rational animals. Rationality is our distinguishing characteristic. It sets us apart from beasts.

Aristotle believed the soul has three parts

  • Rational / Logical
  • Spirited / Emotional
  • Appetitive / Physical desires

Many advertisements appeal to the emotional or appetitive parts of the soul. In this post, we are going to learn how to appeal to the Rational one.

See also  Happy mind happy life

The structure of an argument:

An argument is formed of reasons or premises.

PREMISE 1 + PREMISE 2 + PREMISE 3 = CONCLUSION.

There are different species of arguments:

  • Deductive
  • Inductive
  • Abductive
  • Argument by analogy
  • Reductio Ad Absurdum

The easiest one is the Deductive argument. If your premises are true, then your conclusion must be true.

How to win an argument using good deductive logic:

PREMISE 1: All humans are mortal
PREMISE 2: Socrates is human
CONCLUSION: Socrates is mortal

Here both facts and logic are valid.

Deduction begins with the general and reasons down to the specific.

If your premises don’t guarantee the truth of your conclusion, you can end up with some really crappy arguments. You can still chain together valid premises and valid conclusions that do not support each other.

For example:

PREMISE 1: All humans are mortal
PREMISE 2: Socrates is human
CONCLUSION: Socrates is Plato’s teacher

Obviously, the premises don’t support the conclusion. It just happens to be valid. This is a bad argument.

Another example of a bad argument is if you have false facts.

PREMISE 1: All humans have tails
PREMISE 2: I am a human
CONCLUSION: I have a tail.

The logic here is right, but the facts are wrong, therefore my conclusion is wrong.

Deduction is good because it can give you true conclusions, but it’s limited because you have to use only premises which are true. Most of the time, you don’t have access to such premises.

In the other posts, we will discuss the other types of argument and how to determine if a premise is true.

See also  The Rules of Managing and Acquiring Wealth

Post in the comments your strategies for winning arguments.

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[…] you haven’t done so already, check out my other article on arguing How to win an argument part 1. It’s the precursor to this […]

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